TORONTO (AP) - The first truly tense moments of the NHL's collective bargaining negotiations have arrived.
With NHL commissioner Gary Bettman and NHL Players' Association head Donald Fehr not scheduled to sit across from one another until the middle of next week and the sides unable to even agree on the core issues that need to be addressed, a sense of uneasiness has suddenly enveloped the talks.
After Wednesday's session, in which the NHL dismissed the union's initial proposal, Fehr set off for pre-scheduled player meetings in Chicago. The union boss will also oversee a session with players in Kelowna, British Columbia, before returning to Toronto to reseume CBA discussions Aug. 22.
At that point, the league and the NHL Players' Association will have just 24 days left to reach a new agreement and avoid a lockout. The current CBA runs out on Sept. 15. The regular season is slated to begin Oct. 11.
Where do they go from here? There is very little common ground between the proposals each side has put forth and neither seems particularly willing to move off its current position.
"What the issues are and how they get solved and how deep the issues go are something that we're not yet on the same page," Bettman said Wednesday.
In simple terms, the owners want to pay players less - much less. Despite the fact the NHL's revenues grew from $2.2 billion before the 2004-05 lockout to $3.3 billion last season, a number of teams are still struggling. The financial success of the wealthiest franchises over the last seven years ended up hurting the poorer ones.
That's because the salary cap was tied to overall hockey-related revenues and rose dramatically from $39 million in 2005-06 to $64.3 million last season, bringing the salary floor (the minimum teams must spend) up along with it. If next season was played under the current system, the cap would have been set at $70.2 million and the floor would have been $54.2 million.
However, a new deal needs to be put in place before the NHL resumes operations.
Under the owners' proposal- issued in July - the players' share in revenue would be cut from 57 percent to 43 percent and would include a change to the way the salary cap is calculated. Instead of being set at $8 million above the midpoint (total league revenues divided by 30 teams), the upper limit would be reduced to $4 million above. As a result, the salary cap would drop to $50.8 million next season, which is below where the floor currently rests.
The league also called for the elimination of salary arbitration, contract limits of five years (with equal money paid each year, essentially eliminating signing bonuses) and 10 years of service before unrestricted free agency kicks in. All of those proposed changes are designed to slow the increase in salaries.
The NHLPA estimated the league's proposal would cost players approximately $450 million per season.
Rather than making a direct counteroffer, Fehr elected to design his own system. He attempted to appease owners by keeping the hard salary cap in place and also put a drag on salaries by delinking them from overall revenues. But he also called for an expanded revenue-sharing plan that would see the wealthy teams distribute more than $250 million per season to the poor.
Under the union's plan, the salary cap would fall at roughly $69 million next season. It would increase to $71 million in 2013-14 and $75 million in 2014-15.
In other words, the owners would only realize significantly more profit in the deal if the league continued to grow at a level beyond the seven percent it averaged since the lockout. There's no guarantee of that, especially since the strength of the Canadian dollar has helped fuel the growth.
One thing the labor situation has not disturbed is new contracts this summer. Whether it's been in free agency, or teams simply locking up their own players, new deals are surfacing every week. On Thursday, the Flyers gave forward Wayne Simmonds a new, six-year pact to remain in Philadelphia.
"All the players are obviously going to show up if we're ready to play the season. But by Sept. 15, if a deal's not reached, I'm not too sure," Simmonds said. "This is my first time going through this and I'm really not too familiar with the process. But from all the players' accounts, we want to play. We're ready to start."
Which brings up a good point. If they don't start with the NHL, will players head overseas?
"I haven't started looking as of yet. Obviously, I'm hoping there's a season," Simmonds said. "I'm sure as it comes closer, I'll speak to my agent about that and see where things go from there."
The Red Wings, for one, perhaps see the writing on the wall. On Thursday, Detroit general manager Ken Holland canceled the team's annual prospects tournament in which seven other teams were slated to play in: the Sabres, Hurricanes, Blue Jackets, Stars, Wild, Rangers and Blues.
"Due to the uncertainty surrounding the collective bargaining agreement and the advance commitments required from the various parties," Holland said, "we have determined that it is in everyone's best interest to cancel."
The offer from Fehr this week was designed on the premise that the players would give up revenue for three years - the system would revert back to the current rules in the fourth - so that the NHL could work on getting its struggling teams on stable footing.
"If there are issues remaining, they are club-specific issues," Fehr said. "And that if the clubs that don't need assistance are willing to partner with the players to help get at the issues of the clubs that may need it, we're prepared to do that. But it's not a circumstance in which the players are just going to say 'OK, take everything from us.'"
History is also at play here.
The players are still smarting after being locked out for an entire season in 2004-05 before eventually accepting a 24 percent rollback on salaries and a salary cap. At the time, Bettman repeatedly talked about the need for "cost certainty" to keep the league healthy - something the union eventually capitulated to.
Now in the next round of negotiations, the sides appear to be back where they started and the threat of yet another lockout seems very real. The league is contending the players need to give up a significant amount of salary to stabilize the industry while the union maintains that goal would be best accomplished with the wealthy teams doing more to help their struggling counterparts.
Against that backdrop, the first signs of animosity are beginning to surface.
After talks wrapped up Wednesday, Fehr hinted the NHL was working from a "playbook" that involves using the lockout as a negotiating tactic and called for the owners to present an offer that moved in the players' direction. Bettman, meanwhile, seemed to suggest that this wasn't a good time for Fehr to step away from talks and hold regional player meetings.
"Where we go from here is I come back next Wednesday," Bettman said, "to resume negotiations when the union's ready."
Fehr contends that he doesn't need to be present for talks to continue.
"As we go forward ... what we have to do is sit and negotiate until we get the deal done," he said. "It doesn't mean that every single person has to be in the room on every single meeting, but the parties have to be going at it regularly."
So, they're even disagreeing on logistics now, too.