Paving the Way: Lawmakers Offer Solutions for Secondary Road Woes
CHARLESTON — Heeding the call from West Virginia Gov. Jim Justice during his State of the State address, several lawmakers are moving forward with legislation to kickstart repairs on West Virginia’s crumbling back roads.
State Sen. Randy Smith, R-Tucker, introduced Senate Bill 522 on Tuesday. Smith has risen on multiple occasions to address his fellow senators to warn about the dangers of crumbling pavement, potholes the size of cars and clogged ditches creating mini rivers and washing away roads.
“It’s an emergency situation,” Smith said. “It’s a huge problem, not just for my district but every district.”
Smith has an aggressive plan to spur secondary road repair on a statewide scale with SB 522. It would create a Special Road Repair Fund.
To develop that fund, the bill first would take 2 percent of the 5 percent severance tax revenue from coal and natural gas. Second, it would take $200 million from the state’s Rainy Day Fund.
“I know a lot of people are going to be against the $200 million from the Rainy Day Fund, but if we have surpluses going to be going in there, let’s take it out immediately and replace it as we go and solve the problem,” Smith said.
The bill calls for a Road Maintenance Program, which would require the West Virginia Division of Highways to bid ditching, snow removal and mowing work it cannot complete.
“This mandates if they can’t get the ditching and mowing done, they have to contract it out to get it done,” Smith said. “They have to do the ditching and mowing before they do any road paving, because a lot of the time we go in and pave the road before we do the ditches and it washes it out.”
SB 522 also would create a think tank at the Division of Highways.
The think tank, comprised of the commissioner of highways and highways employees, would develop ways to better maintain and repair state roads.
“We’re always hearing from state road workers the stuff they could be doing to be more efficient,” Smith said. “They really don’t have a channel to go through right now. This requires them to have a channel where they can share ideas with how to save money and how to be more efficient.”
House Majority Leader Amy Summers, R-Taylor, has a couple of bills also aimed at freeing resources at the Division of Highways to fix secondary roads and keep an eye on the tax dollars spent by the highways department.
“The public is starting to have an outrage for their secondary and tertiary roads because they’re not getting fixed,” Summers said. “They’re getting tired of it, and I can’t blame them. I’m getting tired of it as well.”
The first of Summers’ bills, House Bill 2011, is similar to a section of Smith’s bill requiring the DOH offices to contract with private firms to handle specific kinds of maintenance activities. Summers’ bill, though, adds caveats.
“We do not, however, want the state to be gouged, so we will set that the bid cannot exceed what the Division of Highways would pay to have that work done,” Summers said.
Another bill from Summers, HB 2012, would create the Country Roads Accountability and Transparency act. It requires the DOH and the state auditor’s office to create a website listing all roads projects in the state and how they are funded. The Department of Transportation has a site — DriveForwardWV.com — dedicated to Roads to Prosperity projects, but Summers would like to see a detailed listing for all ongoing road maintenance.
“I think the Division of Highways needs to do some looking at how they’re running things and try to figure out what they need to do better,” Summers said. “I’m feeling there could be some management issues that could be addressed through better organization.”
Delegate John Williams, D-Monongalia, plans to introduce a bill by the Tuesday deadline to submit House bills. His legislation would require the Division of Highways to follow a funding formula that is not currently mandatory.
Last month, a report from the Legislative Auditor revealed that two out of 13 counties in DOH Districts 4 and 5 spent the 70 percent of available funding that they are supposed to spend on road maintenance between 2009 and 2017. Most counties in the districts never reached that goal.
Williams said the 70 percent formula isn’t required, but his bill would make it mandatory. It would also base the formula on vehicular traffic and miles of state road in a county.
“We’ve experienced a lot of growth, and with that we’re getting the same across-the-board 1 percent budget increase that’s not keeping up with what we’re seeing,” Williams said. “We don’t want to take more than our fair share, but right now we’re not getting anything close to our fair share. We just want what’s right for our area.”
No matter which bill makes it through, Smith said he will continue to advocate for more road funding until his fellow lawmakers take notice.
“It’s a huge problem, and it’s going to take some aggressive measures to correct them,” Smith said. “We’re going to have to bring them to the forefront and do something about them instead of saying, ‘Yeah, we need to do something.'”